Welcome to my Element Photo Gallery and Resource Site.

To skip all this stuff and see element photos and fun information click on the gallery pages above.

Hello,

    Welcome to my site!

My name is Sammy  and I am a collector of element samples and other cool items. I built this site to share photos and information on the elements of  the Periodic Table.

All the pictures are from my very own collection.  I will also give some basic fun information I have learned while collecting.  I have a passion for the elements to share with whoever may be interested. Please enjoy the photos and info on the Gallery pages.

 If you find this site fun, interesting or helpful let me know, and let your friends know!  If you need a specific element in small quantity, I might have it or can help you find it. I remember needing samples in school and it was next to impossible to find elements. I will be happy to help you, please contact me.

tiny element samples in gem holders. 

What is an element?

Elements are the basic building blocks of the universe and everything in it. The air we breath is made up of gaseous elements, the sun is a ball of Hydrogen and Helium fusing into heavier elements. The soil, rocks water and plants all consist of elements. Our bodies are complex structures made up of many elements, Iron, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Calcium, Carbon, the list goes on.  The atom is over looked, yet every single tangible material is made up of atoms, and endless compounds of atoms.

 An element is a pure material, with a specific atomic structure, or specific atom. Only "sub-atomic" particles are smaller than atoms, such as neutrons, protons, electrons, these 3 sub atomic particles make up atoms. Many other sub-atomic particles exist, but we will focus on the atom and the particles that make atoms.

Each element has atoms with specific numbers of particles, neutrons are at the center of an atom, bonded to protons. neutrons have no charge, protons are positively charged, and electrons are negatively charged particles. The neutrons and protons create the nucleus or core of the atom and the electrons circle the nucleus sorta like planets circle the sun. larger atoms or "heavier elements"may have layers of electrons circling them known as shells.

The atomic numbers of elements are determined by the number of protons an element has inside its nucleus, Hydrogen is element 1 and has 1 proton. Uranium is element number 92, and has 92 protons.

 One note on pure elemental  molecules, molecules are groups of atoms,  Helium molecules are found as single atoms, others like Hydrogen have molecules made up of 2 Hydrogen atoms, this is called Diatomic structure. Ozone is O3 or 3 Oxygen atoms. Pure elemental molecules can have various structures.

Elements have various characteristics, and these are determined by the electrons orbiting the nucleus. The electron shells differ from element to element, and in general, the outer shell, or valance shell, will determine the chemical behaviors, such as reactive, inert, and what types of reactions the element will have. If the Valance shell is complete, or full, as the noble gasses, the element would be inert, and if the valance shell is missing electrons it will have reactions with other elements.

 Element isotopes are determined by how many neutrons are inside the nucleus. As an example  Hydrogen in it's common form is made up of a single proton circled by a single electron, this is an isotope called protium. If a neutron is added to protium, it will become hydrogen isotope deuterium. deuterium is a Hydrogen isotopes that can bond with Oxygen, and the term heavy water refers to D2O which water made with Hydrogen that contains a neutron, this make the water 11% heavier than regular water. cool huh?

An allotrope is a variation of the element, sometimes the variations are defined by temperatures or pressure. Carbon has a few allotropes, and may be the easiest to use as an example as most people are familiar with "Lead" pencils and diamond jewels. Carbon has natural occurring allotropes in normal conditions, diamonds, which are very hard, and graphite which is soft and black, also Buckminsterfullerene. Buckminsterfullerene is a Carbon allotrope found in the mineral shungite and is also called C-60 because of its specific spherical structure

So elements are the cool materials everything is made of, some are common, some are rare,  some can be found pure, others can be found only as compounds in nature. others still are completely man made.

The periodic table is the creation of a Russian Chemist  named Dmitri Mendeleev. The table or chart he created placed elements known at the time into a type of order. The unknown elements could be predicted with amazing accuracy. The periodic table has columns and rows. The rows are periods, the columns are groups. There are also blocks, which focus on valance shells.

This chart shows a popular format for the periodic table. other formats are sometimes used which will configure the chart based on other element traits. I usually use this type of chart, which has a familiar numerical system.